Aquarium Maintenance

Tips to maintain your aquarium

Good aquarium maintenance practices will lead to a healthy aquatic environment and thriving fish, providing years of joy for the hobbyist.  Jump to routine maintenance guide!

Expensive and time-consuming problems can be prevented by spending thirty minutes on maintenance every other week.

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The biggest factor for maintenance is tank stability / Nitrogen Cycle. As long as everything is running properly and your fish are healthy, there is no need for any major change, even if the pH or hardness seems to be slightly out of range; only increases or decreases of the major aquarium water parameters will need your careful but immediate attention.

Water Changes :

A key part of aquarium maintenance is the water change, which should be performed about every two weeks. In most cases, 10-15% of the tank volume is sufficient. A good method is to replace the water extracted while vacuuming the gravel, which will eliminate uneaten foods and other residues that settle on the substrate.

It is highly recommended to check the water parameters of both the tank and replacement water. Most tap water (city water) contains either chlorine or chloramine. Chlorine will air out rather quickly (kept in an aerated bucked for twenty-four hours); chloramine (chloramine = chlorine + ammonia) will not. Using a water conditioner will neutralize the chlorine in both cases, but ammonia will still be present in the latter. It has to be broken down by the nitrifying bacteria present in the aquarium. This may take longer than your fish can tolerate.

Aquarium Maintenance

Other elements of municipal water may be phosphates, iron, and other heavy metals. To find out about your tap water chemistry, call your local water company.  Well water is usually harder than tap water, but it is chlorine/chloramine free.

You will need to thoroughly check the water parameters before investing upon an aquarium as purchasing water might be an expensive proposition for effecting periodic partial water changes.

You may also read : Acclimatization of Fishes

Aeration :

Regularly check the air-pump to ensure adequate air-flow and aeration. Periodically change the air stones which get clogged. You can chose air-stone as per the requirement of the aquarium livestock and for increasing the aesthetic sense of your aquarium.

Filtrations :

Regularly check the substrate of your filter to ensure adequate filtration and clean them regularly in aquarium water. Never use the tap water for cleaning the filter.  The choice of filter is very important as different species of fish can react differently to water movements. Fishes like Siamese Betta Fish, Angel fish, Ramerezi prefer peaceful water movement.  Oscar and Blood Red Parrot are comfortable in filtration system with heavy water movement.  Goldfishes are best suited with external filtration system as their fins are often entangled and sucked in internal filter system. Choosing the right filter often becomes a matter of life and death for fishes.

Do write to Aquasovi in case you have any specific queries, we will be more than happy to assist you in maintaining healthy and safe aquarium and its livestock.

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Chemical Filtration

Chemical Filtration

In addition, dissolved wastes are more difficult to remove from the water. The process of decomposition of dissolved wastes directly and adversely affects the smooth running of Nitrogen cycle. There are several techniques, collectively known as chemical filtration, which are used for the removal of dissolved wastes. The most popular being the use of activated carbon and foam fractionation.  To a certain extent, healthy plants extract dissolved chemical wastes from water when they grow, these plants can serve as a role in the containment of dissolved wastes.  However, for any reasons, if the plant(s) don’t survive the situation in an aquarium can quickly get aggravated. Thus affecting the health of all the species. Care has to be taken while utilizing natural / live plats in an aquarium to offset the consequences of chemical impurities.

 

About Aquasovi

We at Aquasovi offers wide range of Physical, Chemical and Biological filtration, which can be used in aquarium for healthy and safe aquatic environment.  Check out the filtration range.

Buy Fish & Accessories online

 

Aquasovi is first of its kind to offer home delivery of tropical and brackish water fishes in Delhi and National Capital Region. Aquarium accessories at competitive prices are available to aquarist and hobbyist throughout India. Aquasovi shall endeavour to cater to requirement of aquarium enthusiast in terms of knowledge as well as delivery of fish and accessories. We hope to serve our customers with quality fishes & proven aquarium accessories. We would appreciate comments and feedback from our customers.

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Mechanical Filtration

Mechanical Filtration

The process of mechanical filtration is aimed at removing particulate material from the water. This matter may include uneaten food, faeces or plant or algal debris. Mechanical filtration is ordinarily achieved by passing water through materials which act as a sieve, physically trapping the particulate matter.  In easy terminology, solid waste can removed by physical hand netting of debris, or it may involve highly equipment which permits the water to flow through the filter and medium contained thereunder, which traps the physical wastes

Also, Removal of solid wastes from water through some form of medium is known as mechanical filtration. The solid wastes are first collected, and then must be physically removed from the aquarium system.  Mechanical filtration is ultimately ineffective if the solid wastes are not removed from the filter, and are allowed to decay and dissolve in the water.  Therefore, it is advisable that the Mechanical filtration works in conjugation with biological and / or Chemical Filtration to achieve desired result. 

Mechanical Filtration

Buy Fishes Online

Aquasovi is first of its kind to offer home delivery of tropical and brackish water fishes in Delhi and National Capital Region. Aquarium accessories at competitive prices are available to aquarist and hobbyist throughout India. Aquasovi shall endeavour to cater to requirement of aquarium enthusiast in terms of knowledge as well as delivery of fish and accessories. We hope to serve our customers with quality fishes & proven aquarium accessories. We would appreciate comments and feedback from our customers.

Read more...

Biological Filtration

Biological Filtration

Filters under this category cater to proper and smooth functioning of Nitrogen Cycle. The proper management of the nitrogen cycle is a vital element of a successful aquarium. Metabolic wastes and excreta and other decomposing organic matter produce ammonia which is highly toxic to fish. The primary function of Biological Filter is to ensure proper breakdown of dangerous substances to make it suitable and conducive for aquarium ecology.

(For details refer to Nitrogen Cycle)

In most cases, a biological filter is nothing more than a chemically inert porous sponge, which provides a greatly enlarged surface area on which these bacteria can develop.

 

Buy Fish Online

Buy Fishes Online

Aquasovi is first of its kind to offer home delivery of tropical and brackish water fishes in Delhi and National Capital Region. Aquarium accessories at competitive prices are available to aquarist and hobbyist throughout India. Aquasovi shall endeavour to cater to requirement of aquarium enthusiast in terms of knowledge as well as delivery of fish and accessories. We hope to serve our customers with quality fishes & proven aquarium accessories. We would appreciate comments and feedback from our customers.

Read more...