Author - aquasovi

Acclimatization of Fishes

It is important that you acclimate your fish to the new environment before releasing them into the aquarium.  The purpose of acclimatization is simple: the water that the fish is packaged in has different temperature, pH, and salinity parameters than your aquarium. Fish are very sensitive to even minor changes in these parameters, so proper acclimation is the key to ensuring their successful relocation.  The process of acclimatization should be slow to avoid shock to the fresh stock of [...]

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Aquarium Maintenance

Good aquarium maintenance practices will lead to a healthy aquatic environment and thriving fish, providing years of joy for the hobbyist.  Jump to routine maintenance guide! Expensive and time-consuming problems can be prevented by spending thirty minutes on maintenance every other week. The biggest factor for maintenance is tank stability / Nitrogen Cycle. As long as everything is running properly and your fish are healthy, there is no need for any major change, even if the pH or hardness seems to [...]

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Nitrogen Cycle

The Nitrogen cycle is a process whereby ammonia products, which are secreted by aquatic fishes as waste, are converted by bacteria to and then into Ammonia and nitrite are highly toxic to fish in very low concentrations, so establishing the good bacteria colonies that quickly convert these compounds to nitrate is crucial to creating a healthy environment for fish. Nitrate are far less toxic, and can easily be removed through periodic water changes or consumption by live plants. Most fish mortality in [...]

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Chemical Filtration

Dissolved wastes are more difficult to remove from the water and the process of decomposition of dissolved wastes directly and adversely affects the smooth running of Nitrogen cycle. There are several techniques, collectively known as chemical filtration, which are used for the removal of dissolved wastes, the most popular being the use of activated carbon and foam fractionation.  To a certain extent, healthy plants extract dissolved chemical wastes from water when they grow, these plants can serve as a [...]

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Mechanical Filtration

The process of mechanical filtration is aimed at removing particulate material from the water. This matter may include uneaten food, faeces or plant or algal debris. Mechanical filtration is ordinarily achieved by passing water through materials which act as a sieve, physically trapping the particulate matter.  In easy terminology, solid waste can removed by physical hand netting of debris, or it may involve highly equipment which permits the water to flow through the filter and medium contained thereunder, which [...]

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Freshwater Fish Disease

Ammonia Poisoning This is on account of Nitrogen cycle being incomplete and the reasons could many, to name a few: overfeeding, overstocking of tanks, absence or inadequate functioning of filtration system etc., The symptoms are Red or inflamed gills, fish are gasping for air at the surface. This is common in new tank setup. Remedy : Ammonia poisoning is easily preventable. Avoid adding expensive and less hardy tropical fish until the aquarium has cycled. For more information on cycling your aquarium [...]

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Freshwater Fish Disease Symptoms and Treatment

You will find here freshwater fish diseases, their common name, symptoms and treatment options for your sick freshwater fish. Before you use any medication on your tank make sure that you have properly diagnosed the freshwater fish disease and try to figure out why your tropical fish have the disease or problem to start. Many diseases are brought on by the fish being stressed due to transport or water quality issues. If you’ve just set up your tank, please [...]

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Biological Filtration

Filters under this category cater to proper and smooth functioning of Nitrogen Cycle. The proper management of the nitrogen cycle is a vital element of a successful aquarium. Metabolic wastes and excreta and other decomposing organic matter produce ammonia which is highly toxic to fish. The primary function of Biological Filter is to ensure proper breakdown of dangerous substances to make it suitable and conducive for aquarium ecology. (For details refer to Nitrogen Cycle) In most cases, a biological filter [...]

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New Tank Syndrome

This is important aspect is more often overlooked by those who are purchasing a new aquarium or those who are new in this hobby.  For healthy and sustainable aquatic life it is important that we mimic natural environment.  All the living species in the aquarium on account of metabolic activity, will produce waste which has be “disposed” without adversely affecting the health of aquarium fish and plants.  These wastes will generally decompose in natural environment without any man made [...]

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